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Full text of "History Of Ancient India"

{\rtf1\ansi {\colortbl;\red0\green0\blue0;\red0\green0\blue255;\red0\green255\blue255;\red0\green255\blue0;\red255\green0\blue255;\red255\green0\blue0;\red255\green255\blue0;\red255\green255\blue255;}{\fonttbl{\f0\froman\cpg0\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f1\froman\cpg1252\fcharset0 Times New Roman;}{\f2\froman\cpg1251\fcharset204 Times New Roman;}{\f3\froman\cpg1250\fcharset238 Times New Roman;}{\f4\froman\cpg1257\fcharset186 Times New Roman;}{\f5\froman\cpg1254\fcharset162 Times New Roman;}{\f6\froman\cpg1253\fcharset161 Times New Roman;}{\f7\froman\cpg1255\fcharset177 Times New Roman;}}{\stylesheet {\sbasedon222\f1\fs20 Normal;}}\paperw12240\paperh15840\margl4847\margr1690\margt1440\margb720 \sectd \sbknone\pgwsxn12240\pghsxn15840\marglsxn4847\margrsxn1690\margtsxn1440\margbsxn720\cols1\colsx60 \pard \plain \cbpat8\qc\li0\fi0\ri158\sb0\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs18 CHAPTER IX}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qc\li0\fi0\ri151\sb151\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\scaps\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-5\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs25 section \scaps0 A}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qc\li0\fi0\ri137\sb140\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw-10\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 ASOKA\super 1}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li7\fi0\ri0\sb47\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex83\expndtw2\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs26 Accession}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li0\fi479\ri47\sb148\sa0\sl-241\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw13\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 According to the \i Purdnas, \i0 Bindusara ruled for \expndtw6 25 years, whereas the Pali books assign to him a reign \expndtw9 of 27 or 28 years. Assuming the correctness of the \expndtw11 former, Bindusara must have died about 272 B.C., \expndtw1 when he was. succeeded by one of his sons, named \expndtw9 Asokavardhana or ASoka, who had served his period \expndtw5 of apprenticeship as Viceroy both at Taxila, and Ujjain.}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\ql\li7\fi0\ri0\sb205\sa0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i\cf1\charscalex83\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs26 Disputed Succession}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li7\fi475\ri11\sb151\sa0\sl-238\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw1\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs24 The Ceylonese accounts represent him (ASoka) as \expndtw11 wading through a pool of blood to the throne, for he \expndtw7 is said to have made short work of all his brothers, 99 \expndtw5 in number, except his uterine brother, Tisya. This story \expndtw4 is doubted by many scholars, who detect an allusion to \expndtw7 the existence of his brothers in Rock Edict V. But, \expndtw11 although the epigraphic evidence is inconclusive, as \expndtw4 it simply mentions Asoka's solicitude for the harems of \expndtw7 his brothers, we may well believe that the Southern \expndtw3 version is exaggerated. Presumably, the monks were \expndtw17 interested in emphasising the dark background of \expndtw7 his early career to show how ASoka, the monster of \expndtw5 cruelty, was turned into the most gentle sovereign after}\par \pard \plain \cbpat8\qj\li7\fi385\ri0\sb349\sa0\sl-187\slmult0 \f1\fs20{\b0\i0\super\cf1\charscalex100\expndtw8\f1\cchs0\lang1033\fs21 1\nosupersub  See Macphail, \i Aioktr, \i0 V. A. Smith, \i Ahka; \i0 Dr. R. K. \expndtw4 Mookerji, \i Ahka; \i0 Dr. D. R. Bhandarkar, \i Asoka. I \i0 have consulted \expndtw-1 all these works with profit.}\par }